Frank Snowden, an Afro-American
Classical scholar from Harvard University,
notes that elelments in the population of 
Etruria (Etrusca) allied with Hannibal (Pic. 
No. 1 ... 241 BC - 181 BC) in the Punic 
Wars  [1]. He gives this as a reason for 
the appearance of Carthagian coins of 
Africans (Pics. 6, 7, 8). It is in this way, 
among others, that it is within reason to 
see the populations of Carthgage (Pics. 1, 
6, 7,  8, 10) & Etrusca (Pics. 2, 3, 4, 5) as 
    being shared. And similar, yet again, to 
    populations in Carthage’s sister cities in 
   today’s Tunesia and Libya (Pics 9, 11, 12). 

Apparently, life was idyllic and trouble-free 
down to the fourth century BC (Pics. 1 - 5). 
Most quaint in the pictures here is Pic. 13
of a 5th century BC vase from Carthage 
depicting a dwarf driving Herakles 
(Hercules, from the Sumerian god Nergal). 
Carthage’s roots thus are buried even 
deeper in history than the history of the 
city itself would seem to imply.

[1] Frank M. Snowden, Blacks in 
antiquity, 1970), art history, Paul Marc Washington,

Anatolia (today’s Turkey) was African before incursions by the people of the Steppes. And, from the New York Times, April 2007, the Story of Genes Tells Us the . Etruscans are from Anatolia.

The archeological evidence of sculptures and skulls shows Anatolia was initially African.

Turkey (originally Anatolia) is basically Caucasian today. However, it began African. This page shows how population displacement while keeping former cultural traditions occured here and with this as a model, the story in Greece, Mesopotamia, and elsewhere: click.